American democracy, pressure tested these past four years, has proven sufficiently resilient to allow for a peaceful, if fitful, transfer of Presidential power. Yet we witnessed the busting of many norms, expansion of executive authority, and a Senate focused on shaping the courts while protecting the executive. Resistance to pressure has, too often, turned on the integrity of individuals rather than the inherent strength of institutions. Our Rule of Law panel will consider the faulty structures and guardrails revealed by these developments, ways to formalize norms to protect against future assaults on the Rule of Law, and international implications.